Wôbanaki Man's Clothing from 1700
Wôbanaki people did not have special clothing
for sleeping. They would sleep in what seemed most suited
for the season. In the winter this would mean wearing
several layers to bed and in the hot weather one might
sleep without clothing. The man pictured here carries
a wool blanket for his bed.
Hairstyles differed from group to group. In general,
men living further north tended to keep their hair longer
because the climate was cooler. Hairstyles would also
change over the course of one’s life to reflect
personal taste, or to signify alliance or mourning.
Wôbanaki people believed it was a good idea to
protect sensitive areas of the body, such as joints,
the neck, ears and face, with jewelry, garters, and tattoos.
By these means, they believed that dangerous energy or
spirits could not enter their bodies. Jewelry with complicated
patterns, reflective surfaces, and dangling and jangling
pieces such as bells or metal cones, all helped to confuse
harmful forces. Porcupine quill embroidery, beading,
fringe, and ribbons might be added to the edges of clothing,
both to offer protection and to encourage connections
with desirable plants and animals. For instance, the
edges of a breechclout might be decorated with ribbon,
or the flaps on a pair of moccasins might be decorated
with beads or porcupine quill embroidery.
Among the numerous items available through trade in
the early 1700s were wool and linen cloth, ready-made
shirts and coats, knitted wool hats and mittens, glass
beads, brass kettles, paint pigments such as vermillion,
and metal axe and spear heads and knife blades. Native
American people in New England would trade with the French
in New France or the English in the American colonies.
Items they received might come from England, France,
Holland, or as far away as India.
Navigate to each layer of this activity by clicking on the "Next" and "Previous" buttons. Using your cursor, roll over each image to learn about the unfamiliar clothing. (requires Flash Player)
Non-flash, non-interactive, printable version of this activity
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