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"Learning By Doing At Hampton"
(c) Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association, Deerfield MA. All rights reserved.
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The Hampton Institute in Virginia was founded in 1868 to educate freedmen after the Civil War. It began admitting Native American students in 1878. According to a report published in 1901, its purpose was "to train academic and industrial teachers for the Indian and Negro races, and to fit young men and women to become skilled craftsmen. Much stress is laid upon land-buying, home-life, and agricultural pursuits." Boarding schools like the Hampton Institute sought not merely to educate but also to indoctrinate young Native and African American students in the values and customs of white society. For example, Albert Shaw visited Hampton in 1900 and reported that "Young negroes [sic] at Hampton are taught to take the historical rather than the controversial view about slavery." Shaw came away deeply impressed with the way in which the school emphasized "the gospel of character and hard work." This was a philosophy carried abroad by one of Hampton's most famous students, Booker T. Washington.
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