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Redware teapot and top
(c) Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association, Deerfield MA. All rights reserved.
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This teapot is redware, a pottery making process that needed lower temperatures but which made a more porous and fragile product. It was made in Whatley, Massachusetts, which had a pottery-making establishment as early as 1778, located there because of the town's abundant clay beds on the south edge of town. Thomas Crafts, the maker of this teapot, began production there in 1803, where he made pots and jugs. In 1822 he opened a teapot factory, Crafts, White & Co., in partnership with Justus White, and his product was not only sold locally, but was transported for sale to Philadelphia and New York. The partnership with White was dissolved in 1823, but Crafts continued making teapots until 1832. Like all his teapots, this has a manganese-lead glaze with a distinctive brownish-black color.
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