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"Tracing The Fall And Rise Of Greenfield Business For 14 Years" graph from Greenfield Recorder-Gazette newspaper
(c) Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association, Deerfield MA. All rights reserved.
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This chart, published in the 1942 Greenfield Recorder-Gazette newspaper in Greenfield, Massachusetts, shows the dramatic increase in the Industrial Payroll Index from 1933 to 1941, as Greenfield industries geared up for the World War II (WWII) war effort. Historians agree that World War II (WWII) was ultimately won on the home front. America's ability to produce massive numbers of airplanes, ships, trucks, tanks, and other items required to fight a global war, enabled the Allies to grind the enemy into submission. Greenfield, Massachusetts residents served in the armed forces, helped maintain morale on the home front, and worked in defense industries. The small town of Greenfield had a surprisingly large concentration of industries vital to the war effort, and employed an estimated 7,000 workers. Greenfield was even protected by an anti-aircraft battery, able to shoot down German bombers. A high percentage of industrial workers were considered so essential to production that they were deferred from the draft.
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