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(c) Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association, Deerfield MA. All rights reserved.
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This "theodolite", a surveying instrument, was owned by Gen. Epaphras Hoyt (1765-1850) of Deerfield, Massachusetts, who made the box in which it is stored. Theodolites were used to measure horizontal and vertical angles. Epaphras Hoyt was, in addition to his work as a surveyor, a major general in the Massachusetts militia, an author, postmaster, justice of the peace, register of deeds, and sheriff.
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