1. Invite the students to
divide into groups.Give each group a learning packet containing
resources that illustrate change.
Group One: Maps of Deerfield.
Group Two: Visual Art, Bird’s Eye
Views, Planned Communities, Factories, Etchings and lithographs
by Orra White Hitchcock.
Group Three: Population Figures, Town
Group Four: Re-creating the Past, the
Effect of Progress.
Group Five: Statistics.
Link with online census records at United
States Historical Census Data Browser, and gather information
on demographics (including ethnicity). Look for what is
included and what is omitted during different periods.
Group Six: Newspapers.
Examine and compare front pages of the 1830 (L02.137) and
1880 (L02.138) Greenfield Gazette and Courier.
2. Invite students to examine and analyze
the items carefully. Most of the images can be found on the
American Centuries website. Use the accession number in parenthesis
to locate them.
3. Prepare a narrative report and/or graph
that demonstrate an understanding of the changes that occurred
during the period.
Group One: Maps of Deerfield:
1830 map: "Plan of Deerfield in the
County of Franklin from Actual Survey" (L98.006)
1871 map: "Deerfield" (L00.017)
Group Two: Visual Art:
"Confluence of the Connecticut
and Deerfield Rivers" (L00.060)
"Sugarloaf Mountain" (L00.059)
"Turners Falls, Mass" (1999.13.502)
"Greenfield, Mass Bird's-Eye View"
"Shelburne Falls, Mass Bird's-Eye
"Russell Cutlery Co. Bird's-Eye
"Lamson & Goodnow & Co.
Bird's-Eye View" (1888.38.05)
"New Home Sewing Machine Company"
Group Three: Population Figures:
1830, 1860 census info from "United
States Historical Census Data Browser"
Report of the Town of Deerfield 1860 - 1861" (L02.131)
"Annual Report of the Treasurer...Town
of Deerfield" 1880 (L02.132)
Group Four: Re-creating the Past,
the Effect of Progress:
"Barbara Allen Dressed as a Puritan" (1996.14.1937)
"Pilgrim's Progress" (1996.14.0244)
"The Letter of the Law" (1996.14.0295.01-.02)
"Thanksgiving Pies" (1996.14.0712)
Street scenes (1997.08.01.0117,
Mohawk Trail (1999.03.0038.14,
Hoosac Tunnel (1993.16.06,
Group Five: Statistics:
States Historical Census Data Browser
Group Six: Newspapers:
Greenfield Gazette and Courier, 1830 (L02.137)
and 1880 (L02.138)