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In the Classroom > Course Overview > Unit Overview
Lessons: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8

Lesson 8: Putting It All Together: Creating an artifact

Lesson Central Question:

In This Lesson:

How will we use artifacts to tell future generations about significant changes that occurred in Deerfield and the Connecticut River Valley between 1880 and 1920?

Lesson Length
Key Ideas

Lesson Length

2 class periods (85 minutes each)

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Key Content Ideas Reviewed in this Lesson and Teacher Background

Deerfield changed markedly because of national influences: the economy, immigration, migration to the West, the Civil War, and industrialization.

Teacher Background Essays: Details of Change and Tea: A Brief History

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Intended Learning Outcomes

Students will understand:

  • There are many resources that one can use to learn about a community.
  • There were numerous factors that drew immigrants to Deerfield and the Connecticut River Valley.
  • The Civil War affected the demographics of Deerfield and the Connecticut River Valley.
  • Immigration reshaped the demographics and culture of Deerfield and the Connecticut River Valley.
  • The Colonial Revival movement flourished during this period.
  • Industry and technology reshaped life in Deerfield and the Connecticut River Valley.
  • South Deerfield became more influential as its industry and the population expanded.
  • The expansion of communication and transportation impacted the daily lives of the people of Deerfield and the Connecticut River Valley.
  • Social change brought about by industrial development, and immigration resulted in the creation of social clubs and the beginning of reform movements.

Students will be able to:

  • Analyzed a variety of images and documents;
  • Made inferences from their readings and articulate causality;
  • Heard and transcribed the stories of newcomers (do oral histories);
  • Presented learned information to their peers;
  • Located historical evidence on a website to support their presentations;
  • Created artifacts to archive, such as a newspaper, an album, or scrapbook from their writings, drawings, and projects.

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In Preparation for Teaching

1. Locate sample scrapbooks, newspapers, and photo albums

Read the Teacher Essays: Details of Change and Tea: A Brief History

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For Class Period 1:

  1. Computer
  2. Microsoft Publisher
  3. Microsoft Word
  4. Scanner
  5. Digital camera
  6. Paper
  7. A scrapbook

For Class Period 2:

  1. Teacher Essay: Tea: A Brief History
  2. Linens
  3. Tea, tea pots, tea cups
  4. Flowers
  5. Small cakes or cookies
  6. Cucumber sandwiches

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Activities Materials in Context

Class Period One: Developing the Final Exhibit of the Artifacts

  1. Write and deliver invitations to a Victorian tea. Include interested staff, museum historians, community members, and parents.
  2. Students will create the culminating artifact: a newspaper, album, or scrapbook by using the items collected throughout the unit.
  3. Students will review the key ideas to see if each is reflected in some aspect of their writing or drawings.
  4. This item will be archived for future reference.

Class Period Two: Tea Party

  1. Students prepare for the Victorian Tea
  2. Students display work and final artifacts
  3. A student will present a lesson on tea and its place in society
  4. All enjoy the culminating event


Microsoft Publisher
Microsoft Word
Digital camera
A scrapbook


Teacher Essay: Tea: A Brief History
Tea, tea pots, tea cups
Small cakes or cookies
Cucumber sandwiches


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