In the Classroom > Unit Overview > Lesson 6
Lesson 6 - Readings for Activity 3: Outcomes of the Attack
"Deerfield, at that time, was the most northerly settlement on Connecticut river, a few families at Northfield excepted. Against this place, M. Vaudrieul sent out a party of about three hundred French and Indians. They were put under the command of Hertel de Rouville...
To this place, Rouville with his party, approached on February the twentyninth. Hovering round the place, he sent out his spies for intelligence. The watch kept the streets of the town till about two hours before day, and then, unfortunately, all of them went to sleep. Perceiving all to be quiet, the enemy embraced the opportunity and rushed on to the attack. The snow was so high, that they had no difficulty in jumping over the walls of the fortification; and immediately separated into small parties, to appear before every house at the same time. The place was completely surprised, and the enemy were entering the houses at the moment the inhabitants had the first suspicion of their approach. The whole village was carried in a few hours, and with very little resistance; one of the garrison houses only, being able to hold out against the enemy.
Having carried the place, slain fortyseven of the inhabitants, captured the rest, and plundered the village, the enemy set it on fire; and an hour after sunrise on the same day, retreated in great haste. A small party of the English pursued them, and a skirmish ensued the same day, in which a few were lost on both sides. The enemy, however, completely succeeded in their enterprise, and returned to Canada on the same route, carrying with them one hundred and twelve of the inhabitants of Deerfield, as prisoners of war.
Governor de Vaudreuil writes to the war minister at
Paris,... Nov. 17th, 1704,--
Charlevoix, in his history of New France, tells the story... the Abenakis, whose chiefs called on M. Vaudreuil for aid, and he sent out during the winter 250 men commanded by the Sieur Hertel de Rouville...who, in his turn, surprised the English, killed a large number of them, and took 150 prisoners. He himself lost only three Frenchmen, and some savages.
Penhallow's Account of the Assault. 
The number of English carried off prisoners was one hundred and eleven, and the number killed was according to one list forty-seven, and according to another fifty-three, the latter including some who were smothered in the cellars of their burning houses. The names, and in most cases the ages, of both captives and slain are preserved. Those who escaped with life and freedom were, by the best account, one hundred and thirty-seven. An official tabular statement, drawn up on the spot, sets the number of houses burned at seventeen.
Vaudreuil wrote... that the French lost two or three killed, and twenty or twenty-one wounded, Rouville himself being among the latter. This cannot include the Indians, since there is proof that the enemy left behind a considerable number of their dead.
Governor Dudley, writing to Lord----- on 21 April, 1704, ways that thirty dead bodies of the enemy were found in the village and on the meadow. Williams, the minister, says that they did not seem inclined to rejoice over their success, and continued for several days to bury members of their party who died of wounds on the return march. He adds that he learned in Canada that they lost more than forty, though Vaudreuil assured him that they lost but eleven.
An Account of Those Killed and Wounded
by Lynne Manring, (source: Revisiting the Redeemed Captive, Evan Haefeli & Kevin Sweeney, from The William & Mary Quarterly, Vol. LII, #1, Jan. 1995, pgs. 6 & 7, & footnotes 11 & 13)
The French and Indians killed 42 residents and 5 soldiers and captured 109 residents (sometimes this number is 112, which includes 3 Frenchmen who lived in Deerfield at the time and were taken back to Canada with the captives). Then they left, without harming the southern part of town. Eleven French and Indians died and 20 were wounded. More soldiers came from other towns south of Deerfield and attacked the French and Indians as they were leaving. The French and Indians killed 9 of them and wounded more.
The English reported that the French and Indians numbered about 300-400 and Deerfield's minister, John Williams, said that there were about 300. Historians have said there were 200 French and 142 Indians. Actually there were about 250 attackers. Two hundred of these were Indians and 48 were French. The French agree with these figures.
Dudley, the Governor of Massachusetts, wrote that 30
bodies of French and Indians were found in Deerfield and in the meadow.