(c) Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association, Deerfield MA. All rights reserved.
PROPORTIONS AND DIRECTIONS
Lee's Patent Mineral and Vegetable Soap.
9 Gallons of Water
33 Pounds of Whiting
50 do Bleaching --Compound.
4 1-2 do of Sal --Soda.
1-2 do of Allum
1-2 do of Borax
9 Table spoonful of spirits Wine
9 do do Heartshorn
9 do do Benzine
Color with Vermillion, and scent to suit.
These proportions will make one hundred and sixty pounds of fine Toilet
13 Gallons of Water
50 Pounds of Whiting
50 do Bleaching -- Compound
6 1/-2 do of Sal Soda
3-4 do of Allum
3-4 do of Borax
12 Table spoonful of spirits Wine
12 do do Heartshorn
12 do do Benzine
13 Pounds of Potatoes boiled and made into paste or starch.
These proportions will make Two Hundred and
Twenty-five pounds of good Washing Soap.
1 Barrel of Water
6 pounds Bleaching compound
5 do of Salsoda Soda.
1 do +
1-2 pint Spirits of Wine }or pure alcohol
1-2 do " f " Heartshorn
1/2 do of Benzine
Directions for Making.
1st. Have the Water hot
2d. Add Whiting --- and stir it until all dissolved.
3d. Add Bleaching conpound. and stir until dissolved.
4th. Add the Sal -- Soda
5th. Pulverize the Borax + Allum add it and stir it all a few
6. Add the chemicals stir it all a few moments and pour it off
for cooling, and when cool it is fit for use, but the older it is the
Peel the ______ and boil them to make them into a paste or starch, and
add them before addin the chemicals.
Add more of ______to harden the Soap, or to make it stronger.
KELLOGG & BISSELL,
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Most people, by the mid-1800s, purchased locally made soaps rather than made their own: the soap-making process was long, hot and filled with fumes. Soap had been commercially made in the American Colonies beginning in 1608. By the 1860s there were few soap manufacturers able to ship their goods much further than their home cities and few markets for their products, which were considered expensive luxuries. Commercial cakes of soap began to be distributed to wider networks beginning in the 1840s but most local stores continued making their own soap until around 1900. This flyer is for a soap that was made according to a very specific formula and uses the generic phrase "patent soap" to describe itself. Although the formula could have been printed entirely, without any handwritten sections, it provided a greater security for the vendor to give the crucial items at the point of sale. Soap made according to this method was sold at a store. It was stored in a single large block; individual chunks of soap were cut to the customer's order.
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"Proportions and Directions for Making Lee's Patent Mineral and Vegetable Soap"
| publisher Kellogg and Bissell
| creator Oren Streeter
| date c. 1870
| location Greenfield, Massachusetts
| width 5.75"
| height 7.25"
| process/materials printed paper, ink with manuscript
| item type Legal Documents/Receipt
| accession # #L03.008
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