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The Temperance Movement began in the early 1800s and by 1833 there were 6,000 local societies in the United States. Women and children were a driving force in the movements to prohibit the consumption of strong drink, slavery and to promote women's suffrage. This article reports on a temperance society at the school in Conway, Massachusetts. The town Temperance Society passed a resolution to instruct the school committee to write a constitution for school societies which would then be given to the teachers. The teachers would then form Juvenile Temperance Societies in their district. The Gazette & Mercury was the newspaper in Greenfield, Massachusetts, from June 27, 1837 to July 13, 1841, when it changed its name to the Gazette & Courier.