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The late 1820s and 1830s saw a Protestant religious revival called the Second Great Awakening which had a strong impact on American religion and reform. The people of New England were strongly opposed to the Catholic Church and its teachings. This article denounces the Council of Bishops and Priests as being an instrument of the Pope and above the laws of the land. It is interesting to note that the author calls upon the "Christian community" for vigilance against Romanism, when he should instead call upon the Protestant community. People opposed to the Roman Catholic Church felt that society was actually threatened by its presence. The Greenfield Gazette and Franklin Herald was the newspaper in Greenfield, Massachusetts, from June 26, 1827 to June 27, 1837. It changed its name to the Gazette & Mercury.