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There is currently no available "Beginner" label. The following is the default level label: The Temperance Movement began in the early 1800s and by 1833 there were 6,000 local societies in the United States. The Franklin County Temperance Society held its annual meeting in November, 1837, and elected officers and an executive committee. Even though women were active members of temperance societies, they rarely held any offices as can be seen in this list of men only. The Gazette & Mercury was the newspaper in Greenfield, Massachusetts, from June 27, 1837 to July 13, 1841, when it changed its name to the Gazette & Courier.