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From the first of January to the first of July, the number of emigrants landed at this port alone, is fourteen thousand six hundred and seventy-four, and up to the present time may be computed at upwards of fifteen thousand; and as the winter months are generally unfavorable to emigration, we are safe in estimating the number which will arrive here in the year 1835, at thirty thousand.

If, however, we take the round number of thirty thousand emigrants, annually landing in our city, and with the self-augmenting population, arising from that capital, how long will it be that American citizens can retain the destinies of their country in their own hands? The emigration annually doubles the number of our births, and when added to the foreign power already here, which never can throw off attachments to their home and government, it presents a fearful increase of political power; for, unless our naturalization laws are altered, and foreigners placed on a footing with our own sons, this city and state, and probably the whole Union, will be under the control of foreign governments in a few years. Let Americans look at these things in time, and keep the staff in their own hands.- N.Y. Star.

(c) Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association, Deerfield MA. All rights reserved.
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Immigrants were often viewed as undesirable additions to the community in the 19th century. This article estimates that the number of Irish immigrants to New York City in 1835 would be 30,000. It warns that immigrants could outnumber citizens and acquire too much political influence. The Immigration act of January 29, 1795, set 5 years as the period of residence required for citizenship. It also required applicants to declare publicly their intention to become citizens of the United States and to renounce any allegiance to a "foreign prince, potentate, state, or sovereignty" three years before admission as citizens. The Greenfield Gazette and Franklin Herald was the newspaper in Greenfield, Massachusetts, from June 26, 1827 to June 27, 1837. It changed its name to the Gazette & Mercury.


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"Irish Immigration" article from the Greenfield Gazette and Franklin Herald newspaper

publisher   Greenfield Gazette and Franklin Herald
date   Jul 28, 1835
location   Greenfield, Massachusetts
height   5.5"
width   4.0"
process/materials   printed paper, ink
item type   Periodicals/Newspaper
accession #   #L05.078

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