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Population and Statistics of Franklin County.

Below we publish the population and some of the statistics of the various towns in this county, obtained from the census just taken:-

ASHFIELD.- Number of dwellings, 255; families, 285; inhabitants, 1,221; churches, 5; school-houses, 14; rateable polls, 370; legal voters, 349; naturalized voters, 2; foreign-born persons, 19; number of persons under 10 years of age, 208; between 10 and 20, 233; 20 and 30, 195; 30 and 40, 143; 40 and 50, 160; 50 and 60, 136; 60 and 70, 84; 70 and 80, 45; 80 and 90, 15; 90 and 100, 1; over 100, 1- Mrs. Eunice Forbes now lacking a few days of 103 years of age. No. of farms, 225; value of farms, including buildings, $408,000; acres of land improved, 1,311; acres unimproved, 21,898; acres unimprovable land, 4,996; acres woodland, 2,844; indian corn raised, 162; bushels of indian corn, 5,670; acres of wheat, 16 1/2; bushels of wheat, 231; acres of barley, 22 1/2; bushels of do. 675; acres of oats, 49; bushels do. 1,715; acres tobacco, 21 3/4; lbs. do. 32,655; acres English mowing, 1,819; tuns English hay, 2,702; acres swale mowing, 1,519; tuns hay, 1,291; Merino sheep, 4,815; other kinds sheep, 344; value of all sheep, $23,215; lbs. Merino wool, 17,455; horses, 245; oxen over 4 years, 122; steers under 4 years, 248; milch cows, 472; lbs. butter sold last year, 24,138; cheese do. 1,800; lbs. dressed beef, 47,445; pork, 68,816; mutton, 2,100; veal, 2,570; number of swine, 104; lbs. honey, 400; value of poultry sold, $260; eggs do. $456; value of palm leaf hats braided in families, $6,000.

CONWAY.- Dwelling-houses, 317; families, 320; inhabitants, 1,538; schoolhouses, 15; rateable polls, 383; legal voters, 320; naturalized voters, 12; farms, 154; acres corn, 182; oats, 61; potatoes, 83; tobacco, 81; lbs. do. 153,958; acres mowing, 2,743 1/2; sheep, 2,947; horses, 243; oxen, 196; cows, 450; other stock, 245; lbs. butter sold, 33,451; cheese do. 4,895; swine, 128; lbs. maple sugar, 24,245; cords wood consumed by families, 2,203.

GILL.- Number of dwellings, 131; families, 140; inhabitants, 635; churches, 2; schoolhouses, 6; rateable polls, 169; legal voters, 160; lbs. tobacco, 145,000.

MONTAGUE.- Number of dwellings, 322; families, 352; inhabitants, 1,575; males, 714; females, 861; rateable polls, 397; legal voters, 827; naturalized voters, 6; persons who cannot read and write, over 20 years old, 28;colored, 6; farms, 150; hands employed, 215; acres of farm land, 14,529, including 2,724 acres of wood land and 5,279 acres not improved; acres Indian corn, 598; bush. do. 13,600; acres rye, 567; bush. do. 4,260; acres oats, 103, bush. do. 2,700; acres potatoes, 150; bush. do. 14,720; acres tobacco, 132; lbs. do. 215,500; received for tobacco corp of 1864, $34,275; acres of English mowing, 1,608; tuns of hay, 1,932; swale or wet, 225; tuns hay do. 175; number of apple trees, 4,356; value of apples, $3,725; acres broom corn, 22; lbs. brush, 11,500; sheep of all kinds, 284; horses, 195; oxen, 154; cows, 331.

NORTHFIELD.- No. of dwelling-houses, 364; families, 380; inhabitants, 1,660; rateable polls, 433; legal voters, 401; naturalized voters, 5; farms, 229; acres Indian corn, 583; bush. do. 18,046; acres broom corn, 88; lbs. brush, 34, 765; acres wheat, 35; bush. do. 688; acres oats, 282; bush. do. 8,360; acres hops, 28; lbs. do. 8,155; acres tobacco, 237; lbs. do. 376,210; horses, 323; oxen, 154; milch cows, 585; lbs. dressed pork, 87,553.

PLAINFIELD.- The census of this town shows a population of 579, a decrease of 60 since 1860. The inhabitants are divided as follows, viz.: over 90 years old, 1; between 80 and 90, 8; between 70 and 80, 43; between 60 and 70, 66; between 50 and 60, 61; between 40 and 50, 70; between 30 and 40, 62; between 20 and 30, 80; between 10 and 20, 99; under 10, 89; total 579. Paupers settled in town, 4; over 20 years, unable to read or write, only 1, and that one idiotic; blind, 1; insane, 1; born in Massachusetts, 529; Vermont, 12; New York, 12; Illinois, 3; Ohio, 2; Maine, 2; New Hampshire, 2; Connecticut, 10; North Carolina, 1; Ireland, 8; England, 1; Germany, 1; Nova Scotia, 1; total, 579. Only 1 black in town, and he a freedman brought from Newbern by Lieut. F. A. Dyer of the 2d Heavy Artillery. No. of rateable polls, 180; legal voters, 170; horses in town, 125; oxen over 4 years old, 40; milch cows, 299; steers under 4 years, 149; heifers, 92; swine, 60; sheep, 1308; lbs. butter sold during the year ending May 1st, 1865, 10,629: cheese, 2400; dressed beef produced, 41,960; pork, 29,435; mutton, 2025; veal, 3136; maple sugar, 26,165; tuns of hay in 1864, 1723; lbs. tobacco, 4925; bushels of corn, 2838; wheat, 53; barley, 400; buckwheat, 290; oats, 1228; potatoes, 11, 152; turnips, 307; carrots, 1495; &c., &c.

ROWE.- No. of dwellings, 109; families, 117; inhabitants, 563; churches, 3; school-houses, 7; rateable polls, 141; legal voters, 130; acres of corn, 59; bush. do. 2,129; acres barley, 28; bush. do. 543; acres oats, 32; bush. do. 733; acres potatoes, 74; bush. do. 12,770; sheep, 1018; lbs. wools, 4,633; horses, 84; oxen, 58; steers, 157; cows, 199; heifers, 107; swine, 50.

SUNDERLAND.- No. of dwellings, 159; families, 183; inhabitants, 861; males, 439; females, 422; legal voters, 211; naturalized voters, 13; rateable polls, 229; over 20 years of age who cannot read or write, 17; number of persons over 80, 10; between 70 and 80, 20; acres land improved, 2,516; indian corn, 303, wheat, 18; rye, 175; oats, 85; potatoes, 58; turnips, 6; onions, 29; bush. do. 13,471; acres tobacco, 282; lbs. do. 538,000; acres English mowing, 842; apple trees cultivated for their fruit, 4,805; pear do. 244; horses, 180; milch cows, 302; dry cows, 105; heifers, 88; oxen over 4 years, 26; under 4 years, 36; lbs. butter sold, 24,202; lbs. dressed beef, 18,450; pork do. 86,053; swine, 181; value of poultry sold, $374; eggs. do. $675; lbs. honey, 245; lbs. maple sugar, 6,500.

WENDELL.- No. of dwellings, 170; families, 140; inhabitants, 602; churches, 2; school-houses, 9; rateable polls, 168; legal voters, 156; naturalized voters, 3; farms, 145; acres of land, 19,800; value, $149,695; acres wood land, 2,485; value of same, $37,275; acres English mowing, 595; value of English hay, $8,040; horses, 102; value do. $4,080; oxen, 77; milch cows, 149; lbs. butter sold, 1,050; cheese, 500; value of detached parts of pianos manufactured, $15,000; amount of capital invested, $8,000; number of saw mills, 18; ft. lumber prepared for market, 1,180,000; value of same, $118,000; cords firewood and bark, 2,500; value, $7,000; bushels charcoal, 10,000; value, $1,000; value of palm leaf hats, $1,500; maple sugar, 2,000 lbs.; value, $500.

WHATELY.- No. of dwellings, 222; families, 223; inhabitants, 1,012; rateable polls, 320; legal votes, 250; farms of 5 acres and over, 151; acres tobacco, 303; lbs. do. 526,724.

WARWICK.- No. of dwellings, 184; families, 204; inhabitants, 902; farms, 150; ft. lumber prepared for market, 1,555,000; acres land taxed, 21,538; acres improved, 7,275; unimproved, 9,343; unimprovable, 2,580; wood land, 2,300; horses, 170; oxen, 127; steers under 4 years, 198; cows and heifers, 472; sheep, 572; swine, 153.

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This is a list of statistics for the Franklin County, Massachusetts, towns taken from the census of 1865. Included are the number of houses, families and inhabitants, as well as the number of acres planted for each crop and kinds of farm animals. Also included are manufactured products and amounts of agricultural products that were sold. These statistics can be used to form a picture of what life was like in the towns. The Gazette & Courier was the newspaper in Greenfield, Massachusetts, from July 20, 1841 until June 24, 1932. Before 1841 the newspaper's name changed quite frequently, with Gazette a frequent part of the title.

 

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"Population and Statistics of Franklin County" article from the Gazette and Courier Newspaper

publisher   Greenfield Gazette and Courier
date   Sep 4, 1865
location   Greenfield, Massachusetts
height   29.5"
width   3.5"
process/materials   printed paper, ink
item type   Periodicals/Newspaper
accession #   #L05.097


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See Also...

"The Figures of Population" article from the Gazette and Courier newspaper

"Statistical Information Relating to Certain Branches of Industry in Massachusetts, For the Year Ending May 1, 1865"

"Statistical Information Relating to Certain Branches of Industry in Massachusetts For the Year Ending June 1, 1855"


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