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John Quincy Adams (1767-1848), President of the United States from 1825-1829, was elected to the House of Representatives in 1830. In January, 1837, he presented petitions for the abolition of slavery to the House, which caused quite a debate. In the same year, he delivered an address at Newburyport, Massachusetts, on the Fourth of July stating that the Declaration of Independence proclaimed universal emancipation and freedom for slaves. The Gazette & Mercury was the newspaper in Greenfield, Massachusetts, from June 27, 1837 to July 13, 1841, when it changed its name to the Gazette & Courier.