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1000 Emigrant Families,

Of industrious habits, will be provided by the subscriber, with Farms of 354 acres to each family, (4 single men rated equal to a family) in the Galveston Bay and Texas Land Company's grants in Texas, immediately adjoining the United States, for settling the same. He will also sell to settlers, land, at present by the Township, at 10 cents per acre. The soil is very productive. The climate mild and healthy. The water is good, and navigable streams pervade the whole territory.- The timber consists of Oak, Ash, Elm, Hickory, Cedar, Pine and several other kinds, which covers about one third part of the country; the remainder is in prairie and fit for immediate tillage. The country is rolling, and free from stagnant waters. The principal productions are Cotton, Indian corn, Wheat, Oats, Potatoes, Tobacco and Indigo. Sugar Cane is also very productive on the coast. The Government is Federal Republicans. The Constitution is similar to that of the U.S. and the habits of the people are like our own. The Government is administered by Americans, who occupy the highest offices. The English tongue is every where spoken, and the proceedings in the Judicial Courts are required to be kept in the English language. Trial by Jury is established, and Religious Toleration provided for by law. The settler can import any thing for his own consumption free of duty, and his Land is exempt from taxation for 10 years. General Russell of New Yarmouth, and Mr. Cushing of Hingham, have gone forward to survey the best lands and make preparations for locating the settlers on the central squares of each township. A clear Government title will be provided for each settler. Farmers, Tradesmen and Mechanics, especially Carpenters, Millwrights, Boat builders, Cabinet, Chair, Carriage and Waggon makers, Blacksmiths, Tanners and Curriers, Boot, Shoe, and Harness makers; in short, all workers of Wood, Iron or Leather, will find ready and profitable employment. Vast numbers of Cattle are pastured on the prairies the year round, and afford a great income to the farmer; their increase is reckoned at 60 per cent. The agriculturist is rewarded by a high price for his produce at the markets on the sea board; whilst a heavy tariff protects the manufacturer of every article of utility- Meat and Game are plenty, but a supply of bread stuffs and other necessaries should be taken in by Emigrants; those who can provide for their families for one year, need not fear a profitable return for their industry afterwards.

Application (if by letter, post paid) to be made to John Wilson, Deerfield, Mass. who for a reasonable compensation, proposes going on with the settlers in the fall to assist them in choosing their location, procuring their deeds from the Government, &c. Those who may be desirous of emigrating are desired to signify it to the subscriber as soon as convenient that arrangements may be made accordingly.


Deerfield, Mass. April 12, 1835.

A. Dey and George Curtis, Esqrs. of New York, and Gen. Wm. H. Sumner of Boston, are the Trustees and Attorneys of the Galveston Bay and Texas Land Companies.

(c) Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association, Deerfield MA. All rights reserved.
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The Galveston Bay and Texas Land Company was founded in New York in 1830 for the purpose of colonizing the lands in East Texas. The company was a real-estate promotion firm with agents, land counselors, surveyors, and salesmen. It did not own land itself but sold scrip that allowed the settlers simply to move into the area. The settlers had to meet the requirements of Mexican law before they could obtain title. As with all enticements to settle, this is a glowing description of the land, climate and opportunities available to the people who would occupy this new territory. John Wilson (1782-1869), from Deerfield, Massachusetts, proposed to travel with the settlers and aid them in obtaining their land. The Greenfield Gazette and Franklin Herald was the newspaper in Greenfield, Massachusetts, from June 26, 1827 to June 27, 1837. It changed its name to the Gazette & Mercury.


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"Texas. 1000 Emigrant Families" article from the Greenfield Gazette and Franklin Herald newspaper

publisher   Greenfield Gazette and Franklin Herald
author   Colonel John Wilson (1782-1869)
date   Apr 14, 1835
location   Greenfield, Massachusetts
height   9.25"
width   2.75"
process/materials   printed paper, ink
accession #   #L05.129

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