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This flag is one of five E-flags ("E" for exceptional performance) awarded to Greenfield Tap & Die (GTD) Corporation for industrial efficiency during World War II (WWII). Only 206 companies, out of 4,283 top-flight war production facilities (which represented only 5% of the total industrial plants engaged in war production) were awarded five flags. The company was the largest maker of gages, taps, and dies in the world, in a War Department-financed million dollar state-of-the-art plant in Greenfield, Massachusetts. Three shifts worked around the clock seven days a week producing these measuring devices that insured an accurate fit for all parts produced anywhere in the country. Greenfield was important enough in the war effort to be protected by an anti-aircraft battery, able to shoot down German bombers.