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Despite his presidential campaign promise that he had a secret plan to end the Vietnam War, within months of Richard Nixon's 1968 election, the United States had begun to secretly bomb Communist supply routes and depots in the border regions of Cambodia. In May of 1970, U.S. and South Vietnamese invaded the border regions of Cambodia. The United States military entry into Cambodia sparked massive protest among U. S. citizens who were already thoroughly disillusioned with the war. Protests on university campuses intensified with the news that four student protestors were shot and killed by Ohio National guardsmen on the campus of Kent State University. The protests on the University of Massachusetts Amherst campus, culminating in a student strike, were representative of protest across the country.