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Herbert Hoover was one of Franklin D. Roosevelt's harshest critics. In many speeches, articles and this book, he claimed that the men behind the New Deal had abandoned the "heritage of liberty" in a quest for security. He condemned the growth of bureaucracy and centralization and felt that "national plans to put the government into business in competition with its citizens" was an idea "that was born of Karl Marx." "The proposals before our country do not necessarily lead to the European forms of Fascism, of Socialism, or of Communism, but they certainly lead definitely from the path of liberty."