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The Senate passed the Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution on June 4, 1919 and sent it to the states to ratify. This amendment granted women the right to vote. The Massachusetts legislature ratified it on June 25, 1919 and was the eighth state to do so. The people against the ratification wanted a referendum in the next election, but the Senate voted to ratify by an overwhelming majority. The active participation in the war effort from 1917 to 1918 helped to win support for the amendment which became part of the constitution on August 26, 1920.