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Shelburne Falls is a village made up of the business districts of Buckland and Shelburne. By 1869, the village of Shelburne Falls was a thriving community. During the late 18th century the falls of the Deerfield River were dammed, increasing the power potential of the water and stimulating the growth of industry. Entrepreneurs on both sides of the river harnessed its power, building mills and factories along its banks. There was a great bridge spanning the river, and railroad tracks ran along the Buckland side. The potholes that lie below the dam are a popular tourist attraction