(c) Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association, Deerfield MA. All rights reserved. Contact us for information about using this image.
The Connecticut Valley Street Railway (the "trolley") offered fast, cheap, regular, and personalized transportation to the region's rural population. The small, quiet open-air cars operating outside large cities began re-shaping rural space and social customs; farm regions that had never known railroad service discovered that they might have the services of a "car line." The fares, which were one-fifth the cost of the railroad, encouraged frequent use. Trolley lines connected even remote towns and isolated villages to a burgeoning transportation network that had not existed a generation earlier. In the town of Deerfield, Massachusetts, where this photograph was taken, the trolley increased tourism and brought a steady stream of willing customers for the Arts and Crafts Movement emerging along the street.