(c) Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association, Deerfield MA. All rights reserved. Contact us for information about using this image.
The Connecticut Valley Street Railway (the "trolley") offered fast, cheap, and regular transportation to country people. The small, quiet open-air cars running outside large cities began re-shaping country space. Farm areas that had never known railroad service discovered that they might have the services of a "car line." The fares, which were one-fifth the cost of the railroad, were affordable. Trolley lines connected even country towns and villages to a growing transportation network that had not been around a generation earlier. In the town of Deerfield, Massachusetts, where this photograph was taken, the trolley helped tourism and brought a steady stream of customers for the Arts and Crafts Movement in town.