(c) Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association, Deerfield MA. All rights reserved. Contact us for information about using this image.
When Frances Allen of Deerfield, Massachusetts, traveled to Florida in 1917, she witnessed sights unfamiliar to a New Englander. As seen by the windshield wiper and window frame along the right side and the tilted angle of the photograph, Frances Allen had little time to compose this snap shot of African-American outriders on mules alongside wagons riding along the road.