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Increasing industrialization and mass production in the second half of the 19th century enhanced the appeal of objects such as baskets, needlework, rugs, and metals that were crafted entirely by hand. The Deerfield Society of Arts and Crafts, later renamed The Society of Deerfield Industries, was a result of the late 19th century tendency in America, and in countries in Europe to look backward to examine a time when products were hand-made. Deerfield was one of the first country villages in New England to form and train groups of workers, mainly women, to create objects entirely by hand.