(c) Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association, Deerfield MA. All rights reserved.
I, Ephraim Williams of Deerfield, in
the County of Franklin and Common-
wealth of Massachusetts, being of sound
mind and memory do make and publish
this my last Will and Testament.
1st. I give devise and bequeath
to my wife Rebecca, All my real and
personal estate, that shall remain
after the payment of my just debts
and the legacies herein mentioned;
to have and to hold the same during
her natural life, if she shall so long
remain my widow and not contract
a second marriage; and in case she
shall contract a second marriage, after
my decease, all my estate shall imme-
diately pass to, and be equally divided
between my son William S. my daugh
ter Eliza D. and my son Ephraim.
2nd. I give and bequeath
to my daughter Rebecca J. Field, the
sum of One Hundred Dollars.
3rd. I give devise and bequeath
to my sons William S. and Ephraim
and my daughter Eliza D. all my
estate both real and personal, after
the decease, or after the second mar-
riage, as aforesaid of my wife Rebecca;
said estate to be equally divided be-
tween the said William S., Ephraim
and Eliza D. to have and to hold the
same to them severally and their re-
spective heirs forever; excepting only
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In eighteenth- and nineteenth-century New England, when the head of a household died, the widow usually received one-third of his property, so long as she remained a widow and did not remarry. A son ordinarily received the land, but the widow's "thirds" included the right to live in the house until she gave up the right. In this will all of the property was left to the widow. Upon her death, the property was to go to the three unmarried children. The married daughter, Rebecca, who had probably already received her portion at her marriage in 1859, received "the sum of One Hundred Dollars."
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Will of Ephraim Williams
| author Ephraim Williams (1797-1870)
| date Jul 27, 1865
| location Deerfield, Massachusetts
| height 13.0"
| width 8.25"
| process/materials manuscript, paper, ink
| item type Legal Documents/Will
| accession # #L99.146
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