Lesson 5: Queen Anne's War and Its Impact on
Activity 1: 2 hours
Activity 2: 1 hour
|Key Content Ideas Taught in this Lesson and
- In 1701, the king of France secured the throne
of Spain for his son, altering the balance of power in Europe
and precipitating the outbreak of war in Europe. England entered
the conflict in 1702, declaring war on both France and Spain.
This war, known as the War of Spanish Succession in Europe and
Queen Anne's War in the colonies, came upon the heels of earlier
wars and conflicts between the English and French.
- The war, fought in the colonies as well as
in Europe, had an important impact on the relations between the
French and English in the colonies. These old enemies, already
competing and fighting over land and access to natural resources
in North America, had even more incentive to fight one another.
The English and the French each formed alliances with different
groups of Native Americans who brought their own intra-national
disagreements to the conflict. Consequently, the war significantly
and adversely affected the relationships between the Europeans
and Native Americans and the relationships among Native American
- The French shared the English concept of
individual rights to land ownership, but their use of land was
different from the English. They used the land to promote commerce
and establish business partnerships as a means of gaining wealth.
- The contrast in religious beliefs between
the French and the English contributed in part to the attack on
Deerfield in 1704. The beliefs held by the English Puritans and
French Catholics were in direct conflict with each other. One
of the reasons the French came to America was to establish missions.
Many French were Catholics and served as missionaries to the Indians.
The French Catholics, especially the missionaries and their agents,
were motivated to convert non-Catholics to their faith.
- The introduction of European disease such
as measles and smallpox, attacks by the Mohawks, and the English
occupation of their land all contributed to the weakening and
eventual displacement of the Pocumtucks.
For more information, read:
Teacher Background essay Queen Anne's War
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|Intended Learning Outcomes
Students will understand that:
1. the nature and details (the "who, where,
what, when, why, and how") of The War of Spanish Succession
(Queen Anne's War).
2. the ways this European war affected events in North America
and in Deerfield.
3. that rather than establish settlements and farms like the English,
French men used the land to become trappers and traders, and they
established business relationships with the Indians. They also
served as soldiers and priests on the land they called New France.
4. that a variety of factors influenced the weakening and displacement
of the Pocumtucks. These factors included death by diseases such
as measles and smallpox, attacks by the Mohawks, and English acquisition
of Pocumtuck lands.
5. why the Pocumtucks no longer had access to their land and what
happened to them as a result.
1. learn to do research on the internet using search engines.
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|In Preparation for Teaching
1. Copy and distribute key words for web site
research, or copy materials from web sites (if students do not have
access to computers), the excerpt from The
History of Deerfield, Nuthatch's
Dilemma and the Queen Anne's War Graphic Organizer Part
1 and Part 2.
Primary and Secondary Sources:
1. Web sites found using relevant key words (e.g.
Queen Anne's War; War of Spanish Succession; Canada History; Habitant;
New France; Virtual Museum of New France.)
2. Excerpts from History of Deerfield,
Vol. 1, by George Sheldon.
1. Nuthatch's Dilemma
2. Student notebooks
3. Queen Anne's War graphic organizers:Part
1 and Part 2
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||Materials in Context
Queen Anne's War and life in New France
A. Ask students to research Queen Anne's
War and life in New France on the web using the key words
listed on the materials list and the excerpt from the History
of Deerfield. They should take notes on who, where,
what, when, why and how. They should also take note of how
it relates to New England and especially Deerfield. Discuss.
B. Work with the class to complete the
graphic organizer to help students develop the understandings
listed in Intended Learning Outcomes (understandings), above.
History of Deerfield
Queen Anne's War graphic organizers:
A. Distribute Nuthatch's Dilemma.
Have students read it and answer the following questions:
- What do you do on Sundays (the Sabbath)?
In the early 18th C. (early 1700s), why might it be considered
wrong to travel, work, or shoot a gun on Sunday?
- Was it fair to fine the Pocumtucks
for traveling on the Sabbath or for getting drunk? Why?
What is wrong with getting drunk?
- What does Queen Anne's War have to
do with Nuthatch?
- Do you know what beliefs Nuthatch
was talking about taking on? Should she do it? Why or
- Rather than leave the area, what else
might the Pocumtucks have done? What might have happened
in each case?
B. Ask students to write a letter to
Nuthatch giving her advice about her dilemmas.
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Use students' graphic organizer and advice letters
to Nuthatch to assess the degree to which students achieved the
intended learning outcomes for this lesson.
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