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The 13th amendment to the United States Constitution, which abolished slavery, was passed by the House of Representatives on January 31, 1865. It had already been passed by the Senate on April 8, 1864. The news was received with great joy in Boston, where Governor Andrews ordered a 100 gun salute and the ringing of church bells. It was reported that 22 legislatures were in session and all but three would ratify it. The Gazette & Courier was the newspaper in Greenfield, Massachusetts, from July 20, 1841 until June 24, 1932. Before 1841 the newspaper's name changed quite frequently, with Gazette a frequent part of the title.