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In the case of Wong Yang Sung v. McGrath, the United States Supreme Court decided, on February 20, 1950, that it was illegal for inspectors from the Immigration Service to also act as judges at deportation hearings. In their decision they concluded that having one person serve as both prosecutor and judge went against the purpose of the Administrative Procedure Act. That act, passed in 1946, established standards for federal agencies and commissions to follow when they had power to judge cases in order to safeguard the rights of the people.