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In spite of its title, this article published for the 300th anniversary of the town of Deerfield, Massachusetts, focuses on the immigrant groups who settled there. The writer calls them the "new pioneers" and traces Irish and Polish coming to, and staying in, town. The immigrants worked hard and brought prosperity to the town. There are still strong ties to the Polish heritage brought by the immigrants who worked hard farming and finally became large landowners. Descendents of these immigrants are considered to be an important part of Deerfield's heritage.