icon for Home page
icon for Kid's Home page
icon for Digital Collection
icon for Activities
icon for Turns Exhibit
icon for In the Classroom
icon for Chronologies
icon for My Collection

Online Collection
Select a transcription:





NO. 12.


The Annual meeting of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society was held on Saturday, Sept. 21, 1833.

Letters from J. C. Gray, Esq. and R. L. Emmons, declining to be considered as candidates for officer, were read. The Garden and Cemetery Committee made the following report, which was read and accepted.

The Garden and Cemetery Committee of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society have the satisfaction of reporting, that in pursuance of the authority granted them by the Society, at their former meeting, they have made several purchases of land adjoining Mount Auburn, and making the whole quantity in the Garden and Cemetery one hundred and ten acres.

The Committee have designated as and for the Cemetery, all the land lying south of the northern junction of Maple and Elm Avenues, of Garden Ponds, and of the junction of Primrose Path with Central Avenue, lying west of Central Avenue, which they hope will meet the approbation of the Society; the residue of the land is appropriated to an experimental Garden.

They have laid out about four hundred cemetery lots, and have sold two hundred and fifty-nine lots of different dimensions, which with the premiums paid for choice, amount to the sum of------------------------------------$17291 72
most of which has been paid in.

The loan that the Committee were authorized to make, was subscribed by individuals who are Proprietors of Lots and amounts to----------------4400 00
Rent of a meadow---------------------------3 00
Total funds, available,------------$21694 72
The Committee have paid for the land in cash,----------------------------7413 14
For house for the Gardener and for implements and expenses relative to the Garden,--------------------------2420 09
For fence, gate, avenues, tombs, and other expenses of various kinds,--8418 12
------------------------------------------$18251 65
For Gardener's salary, 3 months,---150 00
Horse and cart for garden-------------120 00
There is due to Mr. Cutter, David Stone, and the heirs of C. Stone, for land purchased of them, payable at future periods,--------------------2600 00

And sundry bills outstanding, for work, for the payment of which, however, funds are provided, as appears by the Treasurer's statement here- with submitted.

The Committee have caused the whole estate to be surrounded by a fence, as substantial as the present means at their disposal would permit, but they hope it may be replaced hereafter with one of more permanent materials--and have erected a gate of classical form, with lodges for a porter and other purposes. They have erected a cottage for the gardener, have made about four miles of avenues and paths, and have constructed a receiving tomb at Mount Auburn, and purchased another

under Park-street Church, and have done considerable work in and about the garden and ponds.

The present situation and prospects of this interesting institution are highly flattering.

For eighteen months and upwards, free access was given to all who wished to visit the Garden and Cemetery, either on foot, or horseback, or in carriages--but it was found that great abuses were practised there, and the Committee deemed it essential to the prosperity of the institution that some check should be put to them, for many persons who had purchased lots, complained that the Cemetery was used in a manner very different from what they had expected, destroying the solemnity and quiet which ought to prevail in a place of repose for the dead; and others stated that they had intended to purchase lots, but should not do so, if such indiscriminate admission were given to visiters,--by some of whom trees were mutilated, fences round the lots broken, and the lots themselves trampled on. The Committee then adopted the regulation of denying admission to persons on horseback altogether,--of admitting the proprietors of lots in carriages, and of opening the gate to persons on foot freely, as before. With but few exceptions, this regulation has met with approbation, and the effects have been very salu- tary; in a pecuniary view it has been useful also, (though this was no part of the design of the Committee in establishing it,) for many persons have become purchasers of lots, and others are known to be ready to purchase, for the sake of enjoying the privilege of entering the grounds with a vehicle; the committee are of opinion that from $1200 to $1500 worth of lots have been disposed of in this way; and as the Committee have no interest other than (in common with all other members of the Society) the desire of beautifying and improving the Garden and Cemetery, they hope that the regulation they have adopted will meet the approbation of the Society.

The number of interments is forty.

There are many objects of improvement for which the Committee hope that funds may be obtained--and among the first, for the erection of a small edifice, in which religious services at funerals may be performed. This is very much wanted, and it is to be hoped that such a building may soon be erected there. All which is respectfully submitted.

Joseph Story, Chairman

The Treasurer of the Cemetery made the following report, which was read and accepted.

The Treasurer begs leave to report the following statement to the Committee, from his Books,
to wit:

Amount of sales of lots, including $1314 02 rec'd for premium for right of selection, $17291 72
Amount of loan made by 1 Jan. and subject to interest,-----------------------------------4400 00
Rent of Meadow----------------------------------3 00
Notes Payable, signed by the Pres't of the Hor. Soc. and payable to Stone and others, for land, and subject to interest, 2600 00
Balance due to D. Stone, guardian, for land,----------------------------------------------103 44
$24398 16

Payments made by, and debts due to the Commitee.
For Land, in cash, 7413 44, notes 2600, $10013 44
For House for Gardener, and expenses
pertaining exclusively to the Garden, 2420 09
For Improvements in Garden and Cemetery,----8218 12
For Tomb under Park-street Church,-----200 00
For Horse and Cart,---------------------------120 00
For amount due from sundry persons,
and payable in labor, plants, &c.---------300 00
For amount due from the Hor. Soc. paid 21271 65
D. Haggerston's salary to 1 June,-------------150 00
For amount due from sundry persons for lots,--------------------------------------------1330 00
For Cash on hand,--------------------------1646 51
$24398 16

There are some bills for labor on the grounds not yet presented, which are payable in part in lots, by agreement.

Errors Excepted


Boston, 12 Sept. 1833

On motion of Z. Cook, Jr. Esq. resolved, That the thanks of the Society be given to ALEXANDER H. EVERETT, Esq. for his valuable and instructive Discourse, and that he be requested to furnish a copy for publication, and that the Committee who waited on him be requested to carry the same into effect. Voted, That the thanks of the Society be presented to Cheever Newhall and R. L. Emmons for their past services as Treasurer and Secretary of this Society. It was then voted, To proceed to ballot for officers for the ensuing year, when the following gentlemen were elected.

[See List in last week's N.E. Farmer, p. 82.]


Saturday, Sept. 21.

Thomas Mason, Charlestown Vineyard, Dahlias and other flowere. John A. Kenrick, Newton, Dahlias. Messrs. Winship, variety of flowers.

Per order of the Committee,

JONA. WINSHIP, Chairman.


Saturday, Sept. 21.

By James Read, Esq. Roxbury, Red Colville apples, and two varieties of Seedling peaches, one of them, partaking of the nature of the peach and nectarine, the Committee have named Read's Hybrid Peach. By Dr. Joel Burnet, Southboro', Chelmsford or Great Mogul pear, (local names of a French pear the name of which is unknown.) By Dr. O. Fisk, Worcester, the Green pear of Yair, not considered a very fine fruit. By James Lincoln, Hingham, Seek-no-further apples. By B. V. French, Green Catharine, Red Cheek Melocoton, Pavre Admirable, Lemon Clingstone and President peaches. By S. Badlam, Endicott's Seedling from Canton, of medium quality. By John MacKay, West or Stephens' Genesee pear, brought from Rochester, N.Y. by Mr. M., a large fruit of fine appearance, but past eating. By C. Newhall, Dor-

(c) Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association, Deerfield MA. All rights reserved.
Contact us for information about using this image.

label levels:

Some individuals were successful in making silk in America, as Anne Clark's letter from September, 1833 notes. Silk making was difficult and expensive and few actually experienced success. Many hoped to make money from it since silk was an expensive import. The advice offered in these pages and the bills passed in state legislatures helped promote the manufacture of silk. Many individuals in New England attempted to enter the silk industry, having some small-scale success. But a huge speculative bubble occurred in 1838-39 around the sale of mulberry trees that ruined many potential farmers in the northeast. This was followed by hard winters and a devastating blight in 1844 that ruined the domestic silk industry.


top of page

"Manufacture of Silk Not New in New England" from New England Farmer

publisher   George C. Barrett
creator   Thomas Green Fessenden (1771-1837)
date   Oct 2, 1833
location   Boston, Massachusetts
width   9.0"
height   11.25"
process/materials   printed paper, ink
item type   Periodicals/Magazine
accession #   #L02.062

Look Closer icon My Collection icon Document Image icon Detailed info icon

ecard icon Send an e-Postcard of this object

See Also...

Raw Silk

"Specimen of a Leaf of the Morus Multicaulis Tree for The Silk Grower"

"The Silk Culturist"

"Letter from the Secretary of the Treasury-Growth and Manufacture of Silk"

"Chinese Mulberry" and "Persian Management of Silkworms from New England Farmer"

"Culture of Silk" from New England Farmer

button for Side by Side Viewingbutton for Glossarybutton for Printing Helpbutton for How to Read Old Documents


Home | Online Collection | Things To Do | Turns Exhibit | Classroom | Chronologies | My Collection
About This Site | Site Index | Site Search | Feedback