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NO. 25.


For Sale at the Agricultural Warehouse, No. 52, North Market Street, Boston J.R. NEWELL, AGENT.

CHINESE MULBERRY. If the following article is correct, and we know nothing to the contrary, it is highly important that those who are concerned or feel an interest in the American manufacture of silk should be apprised of the facts it contains. It is, likewise, an import- ant question whether the Morus Multicaulis will endure the severity of the winter in the northern States.

In an article, written by Judge Buel, and published in the New England Farmer, Nov. 2, 1831, vol. x, p. 121, it is stated as follows:

"We had two plants of the Chinese mulberry in our nursery last season, one budded, the other on its natural roots. They both grew vigorously, and both were killed by the severity of the winter, root and branch. I mention this fact as suggesting a doubt, whether this desirable plant will endure our winters. I would like to learn how it has fared in your neighborhood, during the last winter."

We hope some gentlemen acquainted with the subject will give us the information sought for.--


From the American Farmer.

MORUS MULTICAULIS, (New Chinese Mulberry). --This variety of mulberry continues to attract the attention of foreign silk cultivators, and must soon exclude all other varieties from use. As we are gradually becoming a silk producing people, it is of the utmost importance that our mulberry orchards should be commenced with the best varieties, because it will cost no more to plant an orchard

PERSONS wishing to purchase, by examining this machine critically, and using it according to the directions accompanying each Mill, will find that is possesses many important advantages, over any other mill heretofore invented; among which are, that the grinding parts, or parts which necessarily get painted, can, in less than a quarter of a minute, be taken entirely from the frame and thrown into water, which, (this last improvement,) supersedes the necessity of cleaning, except for a change of colors. And also, this Mill is always kept in any order the user wishes, by filing, which is a very important advantage over any other mill heretofore invented.

Purchasers will please recollect that they are generally finished in order for common painting, and using will wear them fit for the finest work.

One of these machines has been exhibited at the late Annual Fair of the American Institute, of the city of New-York, and obtained the First Premium for its superiority in construction.-- Certificates to the following effect were produced, (all from persons who have used other mills, and thrown them aside to give place for the kind here offered): That its durability and simplicity in its construction--the unparalleled quantity which it grinds to each revolution--the ease with which is taken apart and cleaned for different colors, and the small quantity wasted in grinding fine colors; together with several other important advantages over any other mill which the undersigned has seen, entitle it to the approbation and encouragement of coming into general use, signed by Messr. KELLY & CURRY, J.T. MOORE, jr. P.S. CARPENTER, D.O. MACOMBER, LUKE TORBOSS, and J.B. ELMENDORF, New-York; G. HALL, Brooklyn; PRESCOTT & PERRYT, Troy; WARD & Ross, Schenectady; EDGERTON & ANNABLE, Little Falls, and W. & G. F. WICKER, Utica. Another signed by WM. HANLEY and G.W. HARRIS, certifying that they have seen one of them grind 150 lbs. of White Lead in 45 minutes. Another signed by E. TRASK, H.H. HOLMES, R. MONTGOMERY, certifying that they have seen one of them grind 50 lb. of white lead, by hand, in 15 minutes, the diameter of which is no more than 7 1/2 inches.

The Subscriber will now warrant his mills to grind as above asserted, on special contracts. Many other certificates, from an equally respectable source, might be presented, but these are deemd abundant for this place.

These mills are as well calculated for water as oil colors.--PRICE single, $18. A liberal discount made to purchasers by the dozen. Purchasers will please leave their name and place of residence with those of whom they purchase.

All communications addressed to the Agent, will be punctually attended to.

with the best, than it will to set out the very worst. But it is quite another thing, after all the expense of money and time has been incurred in planting the white mulberry, to be obliged to dig them all up and replace them with the one which shall then be found indispensable to profit. That this will be the case with all who are now planting any of the old varieties, we have no doubt; for the Morus Multicaulis is so much better adapted to the feeding of silkworms, and those who possess it will be able to make silk so much cheaper than those who use any other kind, that they will be able to monopolize the market--or at least compel those who use the latter to sell silk at a loss and thereby compel them to adopt the new kind or quit the business. Our readers may be assured of the sincerity of these remarks, and we entreat them not only for their own sakes, but for the sake of the cause of American silk culture itself, to give them due attention. Europe, with its cheap labor and the assistance of this new variety of mulberry, will be able to undersell us, and thereby contend successfully with our more favored climate and more intelligent and skilful people. To enable us therefore, to meet her in the market upon, at least, equal terms, we must avail of all the means in our power; and at this time the Morus Multicaulis is the most important, and should not be neglected. In the end, it is the cheapest variety for an orchard, because its extreme facility of propagation renders it capable of being multiplied ten-fold at least every year. Its rapid growth is another high recommendation. The writer of this has gathered ripe fruit from at tree only thirteen months old, and has at this time a tree growing from seed ripened

(c) Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association, Deerfield MA. All rights reserved.
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The correspondent in the "Chinese Mulberry" column asks if others had experienced what he had, a problem that would be a crucial concern of America's ultimately unsuccessful mulberry tree growers: could mulberry trees, the only food silkworms ate, survive in the northeastern United States? The paper's response is confident: the traditional varieties could not, but a newly imported mulberry tree species, Morus multicaulis, would survive. And compared to the ordinary mulberry it was remarkably robust. But in the early 1840s a series of unusually cold winters overwhelmed the thousands of trees speculators had planted in America. In the years following what few survivors remained were finished off by a blight. But obtaining the correct trees was just one major concern for this potentially lucrative industry. Another major question was how to manage the sensitive silkworms, a topic addressed in "Persian Management." In publications of the era various methods were examined to handle the challenge of keeping silkworms free from disease, fed, and willing to spin the silk-bearing cocoons. Due to a number of problems though, these goals were difficult to achieve. The worms died either from diseases due to congested conditions, poor quality food, problems maintaining an even temperature, or a combination of these factors.


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"Chinese Mulberry" and "Persian Management of Silkworms from New England Farmer"

publisher   George C. Barrett
creator   Thomas Green Fessenden (1771-1837)
date   Jan 1, 1834
location   Boston, Massachusetts
width   9.0"
height   11.25"
process/materials   printed paper, ink
item type   Periodicals/Magazine
accession #   #L02.063

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See Also...

"Manufacture of Silk Not New in New England" from New England Farmer

Raw Silk

"Specimen of a Leaf of the Morus Multicaulis Tree for The Silk Grower"

"Letter from the Secretary of the Treasury-Growth and Manufacture of Silk"

"Culture of Silk" from New England Farmer

"The Silk Culturist"

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