(c) Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association, Deerfield MA. All rights reserved.
NEW ENGLAND FARMER.
PUBLISHED BY GEO. C. BARRETT, NO. 52, NORTH MARKET STREET (AT
THE AGRICULTURAL WAREHOUSE)-T.G. FESSENDEN, EDITOR
BOSTON, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 1, 1834
HARRIS' PATENT PREMIUM
For Sale at the Agricultural Warehouse,
No. 52, North Market Street, Boston
J.R. NEWELL, AGENT.
If the following article is correct, and we know
nothing to the contrary, it is highly important that
those who are concerned or feel an interest in the
American manufacture of silk should be apprised
of the facts it contains. It is, likewise, an import-
ant question whether the Morus Multicaulis will
endure the severity of the winter in the northern
In an article, written by Judge Buel, and published in the New England
Farmer, Nov. 2, 1831, vol. x, p. 121, it is stated as follows:
"We had two plants of the Chinese mulberry
in our nursery last season, one budded, the other
on its natural roots. They both grew vigorously,
and both were killed by the severity of the winter,
root and branch. I mention this fact as suggesting a doubt, whether this
desirable plant will endure our winters. I would like to learn how it
has fared in your neighborhood, during the last
We hope some gentlemen acquainted with the
subject will give us the information sought for.--
ED. N.E. FARMER.
From the American Farmer.
MORUS MULTICAULIS, (New Chinese Mulberry).
--This variety of mulberry continues to attract the
attention of foreign silk cultivators, and must soon
exclude all other varieties from use. As we are
gradually becoming a silk producing people, it is
of the utmost importance that our mulberry orchards should be commenced
with the best varieties,
because it will cost no more to plant an orchard
PERSONS wishing to purchase, by examining this machine critically, and using
it according to
the directions accompanying each Mill, will find that is possesses many
over any other mill heretofore invented; among which are, that the grinding
parts, or parts which
necessarily get painted, can, in less than a quarter of a minute, be
taken entirely from the frame
and thrown into water, which, (this last improvement,) supersedes the
necessity of cleaning,
except for a change of colors. And also, this Mill is always kept in any
order the user wishes,
by filing, which is a very important advantage over any other mill
Purchasers will please recollect that they are generally finished in order
for common painting,
and using will wear them fit for the finest work.
One of these machines has been exhibited at the late Annual Fair of
the American Institute,
of the city of New-York, and obtained the First Premium for its
superiority in construction.--
Certificates to the following effect were produced, (all from persons
who have used other mills, and
thrown them aside to give place for the kind here offered): That its durability
and simplicity in
its construction--the unparalleled quantity which it grinds to each revolution--the
ease with which
is taken apart and cleaned for different colors, and the small quantity
wasted in grinding fine
colors; together with several other important advantages over any other
mill which the undersigned
has seen, entitle it to the approbation and encouragement of coming into
general use, signed by
Messr. KELLY & CURRY, J.T. MOORE, jr. P.S. CARPENTER, D.O. MACOMBER,
and J.B. ELMENDORF, New-York; G. HALL, Brooklyn; PRESCOTT & PERRYT,
Troy; WARD &
Ross, Schenectady; EDGERTON & ANNABLE, Little Falls, and W. &
G. F. WICKER, Utica. Another signed by WM. HANLEY and G.W. HARRIS, certifying
that they have seen one of them grind
150 lbs. of White Lead in 45 minutes. Another signed by E. TRASK, H.H.
HOLMES, R. MONTGOMERY, certifying that they have seen one of them grind
50 lb. of white lead, by hand, in 15 minutes, the diameter of which is
no more than 7 1/2 inches.
The Subscriber will now warrant his mills to grind as above asserted,
on special contracts.
Many other certificates, from an equally respectable source, might be
presented, but these are
deemd abundant for this place.
These mills are as well calculated for water as oil colors.--PRICE single,
$18. A liberal discount made to purchasers by the dozen. Purchasers will
please leave their name and place of
residence with those of whom they purchase.
All communications addressed to the Agent, will be punctually attended
with the best, than it will to set out the very worst. But it is quite another
thing, after all the expense of money and time has been incurred in planting
the white mulberry, to be obliged to dig them all up and replace them
with the one which shall then be found indispensable to profit. That this
will be the case with all who are now planting any of the old varieties,
we have no doubt; for the Morus Multicaulis is so much better adapted
to the feeding of silkworms, and those who possess it will be able to
make silk so much cheaper than those who use any other kind, that they
will be able to monopolize the market--or at least compel those who use
the latter to sell silk at a loss and thereby compel them to adopt the
new kind or quit the business. Our readers may be assured of the sincerity
of these remarks, and we entreat them not only for their own sakes, but
for the sake of the cause of American silk culture itself, to give them
due attention. Europe, with its cheap labor and the assistance of this
new variety of mulberry, will be able to undersell us, and thereby contend
successfully with our more favored climate and more intelligent and skilful
people. To enable us therefore, to meet her in the market upon, at least,
equal terms, we must avail of all the means in our power; and at this
time the Morus Multicaulis is the most important, and should not be neglected.
In the end, it is the cheapest variety for an orchard, because its extreme
facility of propagation renders it capable of being multiplied ten-fold
at least every year. Its rapid growth is another high recommendation.
The writer of this has gathered ripe fruit from at tree only thirteen
months old, and has at this time a tree growing from seed ripened
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The correspondent in the "Chinese Mulberry" column asks if others had experienced what he had, a problem that would be a crucial concern of America's ultimately unsuccessful mulberry tree growers: could mulberry trees, the only food silkworms ate, survive in the northeastern United States? The paper's response is confident: the traditional varieties could not, but a newly imported mulberry tree species, Morus multicaulis, would survive. And compared to the ordinary mulberry it was remarkably robust. But in the early 1840s a series of unusually cold winters overwhelmed the thousands of trees speculators had planted in America. In the years following what few survivors remained were finished off by a blight. But obtaining the correct trees was just one major concern for this potentially lucrative industry. Another major question was how to manage the sensitive silkworms, a topic addressed in "Persian Management." In publications of the era various methods were examined to handle the challenge of keeping silkworms free from disease, fed, and willing to spin the silk-bearing cocoons. Due to a number of problems though, these goals were difficult to achieve. The worms died either from diseases due to congested conditions, poor quality food, problems maintaining an even temperature, or a combination of these factors.
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"Chinese Mulberry" and "Persian Management of Silkworms from New England Farmer"
| publisher George C. Barrett
| creator Thomas Green Fessenden (1771-1837)
| date Jan 1, 1834
| location Boston, Massachusetts
| width 9.0"
| height 11.25"
| process/materials printed paper, ink
| item type Periodicals/Magazine
| accession # #L02.063
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