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By late 1973, President Nixon had become one of the most unpopular presidents in the history of the United States. As a candidate, Richard Nixon had promised to end the nation's participation in the Vietnam War. Instead, during his Presidency, the United States invaded Cambodia and intensified bombings in North Vietnam. These actions were largely seen as both disastrous and illegal. President Nixon had used government agencies to illegally spy on United States citizens. The President also hired people to burglarize the homes of his political opponents. The American Civil Liberties Union drew up a resolution calling for the impeachment of the President for "high crimes and misdemeanors". This document was reprinted in "The Greenfield Recorder" at the request of a local western Massachusetts citizen. Ultimately, rather than face a trial before the United States Senate, Richard Nixon resigned the presidency after the House of Representatives, in July of 1974, drafted official Articles of Impeachment.