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The United States' official participation in the Vietnam War ended in March of 1973. By that year, Americans were both tired of and disillusioned with the war. President Nixon had won election in 1968 in part on the promise that he had a "secret" plan to end the war in Vietnam. Instead, President Nixon heightened the United States' involvement in the war by ordering the invasion of Cambodia. Congress was faced with the widespread opposition to the war among American citizens and with the knowledge that almost 58,000 American soldiers had died during the war. Congress also believed that the President's military strategy had been reckless. In the fall of 1973, Congress passed the War Powers Resolution. In 1964, the Congress had authorized President Johnson to escalate United States' military involvement in Vietnam with the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. In the fall of 1973, Congress passed the War Powers Resolution. Despite President Nixon's veto, Congress voted the War Powers Resolution into law, making it the War Powers Act, on November 7, 1973.