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The Story Retold of the Frontier Town and Its Ravage by French and Indians Under Hertel de Rouville, February 29, 1704.

[Written by WILLIAM BENNETT MUNRO for The Sunday Republican.]

To-morrow the inhabitants of Old Deerfield will meet together in commemoration of the disastrous morning, just two centuries ago (February 29, 1704), when the marauding force of French and Indians descended upon their little hamlet with torch and sword, giving its peaceful dwellings to the flames and either massacring or carrying into captivity the better part of its population.

Deerfield in the early years of the 18th century was the most advanced outpost of Massachusetts; there was not another settlement between it and the French seigniories along the Richelieu river; so that from its very situation the village seemed to invite assault in the event of French or Indian wars. As early as 1651 the General Court of Massachusetts had offered to the inhabitants of Dedham (in return for lands which the latter had given over to be utilized as an Indian reservation) 8000 acres of any land heretofore unappropriated within the jurisdiction, which the citizens of Dedham might select. It was some years before a committee was dispatched to choose suitable lands, but during the sixties a choice was made of the lands along the Deerfield river, then called by the Indians "Pocumtuck." The searchers apparently knew good land when they cast eyes upon it, for a more fertile tract could scarcely have been found in the whole range of Western Massachusetts.

(c) Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association, Deerfield MA. All rights reserved.
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There is currently no available "Beginner" label. The following is the default level label: On February 29, 1704, during Queen Anne's War, a force of French and Native allies raided the English settlement of Deerfield, Massachusetts. 200 years later, author William Bennett Munro wrote this account for the Springfield, Massachusetts, "Sunday Republican." Writing entirely from an English perspective, Munro spoke of the dangers Deerfield faced as "the most advanced outpost in Massachusetts," and quoted liberally from "The Redeemed Captive Returning to Zion," the account by Deerfield's Reverend John Williams who was one of the English settlers taken captive. Much of Munro's information is inaccurate and should not be taken as fact; rather, this account should be viewed as a common early-20th-century interpretation of the event, and read with an eye to comparison with later, more informed accounts of what led up to the raid and of the raid itself.


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"Deerfield Massacre And Burning of 200 Years Ago Early In Queen Anne's War"

publisher   Springfield Republican
author   William B. Munro (1875-1957)
date   1904
location   Springfield, Massachusetts
height   10.0"
width   6.5"
process/materials   printed paper, ink
item type   Periodicals/Newspaper
accession #   #L99.010

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See Also...

"The Redeemed Captive Returning to Zion"

"A Half Century of Conflict"- Vol. I

Massacre Interior of Old Indian House, during Sack of Deerfield, Feb. 29, 1704

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