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This chair form was fashionable in the late seventeenth century. It required the skills of three craftsmen - the turner who used a lathe to make the rounded pieces, the joiner who made the chair rails and upright pieces and put them together, and the upholsterer who stuffed the seat and the upper back with marsh grass and covered it with leather. The leather is the feature that gives the chair quality. The preferred leather was "russia" leather tanned near St. Petersburg and sent to the colonies by London merchants. The chair was probably made in New York City and was owned by John Amsden (1686-1742) who lived in Deerfield, Massachusetts. Chairs were rare in the early years of settlement.