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Women's Clothing from 1900

After the Civil War, grooming and tailoring improved. More variety could be seen in men and women's clothing. Women's skirts became narrower and appeared to be more cone-shaped than bell-shaped. Tiny waists were still in style and bustles began to be worn to extend the backs of gowns. Corsets pushed women's chests forward making them appear somewhat like the front of a pigeon. "Shirtwaists" became stylish. They were patterned after men's shirts. Clothing was often heavily starched.

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Undergarments

woman wearing white cotton all-in-one, a sleeveless slip that comes to the knee

photo of all-in-one off the model showing construction

All-in-One

There were different styles of underwear for women. Shown here is an all-in-one. It is a combination of a "chemise" and "drawers". A chemise is similar to an undershirt with a slip attached, and drawers are similar to underpants, but with legs. This all-in-one has split drawers with a slip panel across the back. Split drawers made the trip to the outhouse or bathroom quicker and easier.


Stockings

Socks, pantyhose and tights had not been invented yet. A woman wore stockings of wool, cotton, or silk, depending upon the weather and the occasion. Stockings came up above the knee and were held in place with garters made of ribbon or elastic.


Foundation Garments

woman wearing tight white corset trimmed in pink and ankle-high black boots

Shoes

Women's shoes had thick heels and pointed toes. They might slip on, button or lace and come above or below the ankle.


close up of back of corset showing laces

Corset

A corset provided support and forced a woman's torso into the fashionable shape for the time period, forcing the chest up and swaying the back to force the chest and backside out. It would be stiffened inside with "boning" made of strips of whalebone or metal. It hooked up the front and laced up the back and would feel uncomfortably tight.


a set of hair rats--brown oblong balls of hair

Hair

Women wore their hair up on top of their heads in various fashions. This model has her hair in a "Gibson Girl", a popular fashion of the early 20th century. Her hair is puffed out with the help of "rats", which are made of her own hair that she saved from her hair- brush and rolled between her hands to create the shapes seen here.

woman wearing long white gauzy cotten petticoat and white cotton camisole

Corset Cover

A corset cover was worn over a corset and it buttoned up the front. It would be made of lightweight cotton and would hide the corset seams that might otherwise be visible through a blouse or dress.

Petticoats

In the 18th century a petticoat referred to a skirt. In the 20th century a petticoat referred to a slip. This woman has on 2 petticoats to help give her skirt more fullness.


Daily Garments

woman wearing long-sleeved white cotton shirt with a high collar and pin at the throat and a floor-length pink skirt.

Skirt

Women's skirts and dresses came down to the floor or sometimes as high as the ankle. This woman wears a walking skirt made of linen. A walking skirt was a simple everyday style of skirt that was wide enough at the bottom for walking or riding a bicycle.

Shirtwaist

This type of blouse is known as a "shirtwaist". It is tailored to include some details similar to men's shirts. A shirtwaist can refer to a dress as well. This shirtwaist is made of linen and is decorated with machine-stitched embroidery. This style of stand-up collar was popular.

Belt

A belt with a buckle was usually worn with a shirtwaist. A belt might be made of cloth or leather. This woman wears one made of cloth.


close up of brown and gold pin and matching earrings

Pin & Earrings

This woman wears a pin and earrings that are made of human hair. Usually hair jewelry was worn to remember a loved one who had died and to remind the wearer that death might strike any one at any time, including the wearer! For those with leisure time, hair weaving was a popular hobby. This style of jewelry took the form of earrings, pins, bracelets and necklaces.

close up of round gold locket with photograph of a man in one side and a lock of hair in the other

Locket

This woman wears a locket attached to her belt. It might also have been pinned to her shirtwaist. A locket could hold 2 small photos or a strand of hair belonging to a loved one.


Outer Garments

woman wearing straw boater hat and holding beige parasol over her shoulder and holding a small white purse in the other

Hat

Bonnets in this time period were now out of fashion and large hats were becoming popular. All hats had very small crowns, not meant to fit on the head, but rather to perch on the hair. This woman wears a straw hat.

Parasol

A parasol would not do in a rain shower, but was designed to keep the sun off of a woman's face, as having a tan was deemed very unfashionable.

Handkerchief

Ladies often kept handkerchiefs close at hand, not only for blowing noses but also for dabbing their faces, as sweat was considered most unfashionable.

Purse

This woman holds an everyday purse. She would have a fancier one for when she calls upon (visits) her friends.


close up of white net gloves

Gloves

Gloves were not only considered stylish but also kept the hands clean, especially when a woman was in public places. She would, for example, wear gloves when dancing with a man. This woman wears net gloves.


See Also...

Dress

Reticule

New Home Sewing Machine Company Birds-Eye View

 

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