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Nurses Dress Uniform
(c) Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association, Deerfield MA. All rights reserved.
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Julia D.S. Snow (1891-1984), a Greenfield, Massachusetts, resident wore this nurse's uniform while serving as an Army nurse during World War I. The nurse's dress uniform was used for formal occasions and travelling. In May, 1918, just over a year after the United States entered World War I, the Army School of Nursing was created to meet the needs for nurses and to bolster the system of using nurse's aides in Army hospitals. Annie Goodrich became the first Dean of the Army School. Although these nurses wore a collar symbol of a lamp superimposed over the caduceus and had Army-regulation buttons on their uniforms, implying a soldiers' status, these women remained officially civilian. By December, 1918, there were 1,578 graduates of the program. Julia Snow was a volunteer student nurse at the Army training school of the Walter Reed Hospital in Washington, D.C., from 1918 to 1919, then a laboratory technician until 1921, when she returned to Greenfield.
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