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"Immigrant Sweat built Paper City" article from Sunday Republican newspaper
(c) Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association, Deerfield MA. All rights reserved.
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This article reports on immigration of various ethnic groups to the town of Holyoke, Massachusetts. Holyoke was a planned city and its population grew dramatically after the construction of the dam and canal system in 1849. The town's nickname, The Paper City, comes from the time when there were twenty-five paper mills along the canals. The article comments upon the many nationalities of immigrants that came to Holyoke. It erroneously states that Irish immigration began in the 1840s. There actually were Irish in Holyoke from the beginning. Many of the ones who came in the 1840s were employed building the dam, canals and railroad. Once the canal system was finished, mills and factories were built and created the need for more immigrants to fill the jobs. This time the immigrants were French Canadians. Each decade brought more immigrants from different countries, and each group of immigrants brought their own customs and religions with them. These immigrant groups made Holyoke a diverse community.
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