icon for Home page
icon for Kid's Home page
icon for Digital Collection
icon for Activities
icon for Turns Exhibit
icon for In the Classroom
icon for Chronologies
icon for My Collection

Things To Do
Dress Up | 1st Person | African American Map | Now Read This | Magic Lens | In the Round | Tool Videos | Architecture | e-Postcards | Chronologies | Turns Activities

Send an E-Postcard of:
"Immigrant Sweat built Paper City" article from Sunday Republican newspaper

(c) Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association, Deerfield MA. All rights reserved.
Contact us for information about using this image.

This article reports on immigration of various ethnic groups to the town of Holyoke, Massachusetts. Holyoke was a planned city and its population grew dramatically after the construction of the dam and canal system in 1849. The town's nickname, The Paper City, comes from the time when there were twenty-five paper mills along the canals. The article comments upon the many nationalities of immigrants that came to Holyoke. It erroneously states that Irish immigration began in the 1840s. There actually were Irish in Holyoke from the beginning. Many of the ones who came in the 1840s were employed building the dam, canals and railroad. Once the canal system was finished, mills and factories were built and created the need for more immigrants to fill the jobs. This time the immigrants were French Canadians. Each decade brought more immigrants from different countries, and each group of immigrants brought their own customs and religions with them. These immigrant groups made Holyoke a diverse community.


top of page

Share this image with a friend.
Simply enter their e-mail address below and we'll send them this image in an e-mail greeting, along with a link to see the image on our site.

To E-Mail Address *
From E-Mail Address *
From Name

* = Required

button for Side by Side Viewingbutton for Glossarybutton for Printing Helpbutton for How to Read Old Documents


Home | Online Collection | Things To Do | Turns Exhibit | Classroom | Chronologies | My Collection
About This Site | Site Index | Site Search | Feedback